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毞阨庈※呏湛戚§絃窊湮睿鱔熂撮夔掀婓闔儅⑹撼域(芞)

釬氪ㄩadmin 懂埭ㄩ扠疵夥厙﹛梪琭2019-07-11 21:13﹛梓ワㄩ
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    Jeep婓饜离枑鼎源醱遜岆酕善賸憤祡﹝﹛﹛婓隅覃祑華莉珛痴げ腔耀宒眳綴,諉狟懂憩岆珨祭祭芢輛﹝【文匯網訊】文|蕭雪樺日前發覺,網上有個「現代標準漢語與粵語對照資料庫」,在粵語與標準漢語對換時,若苦於難覓適當用語,不妨借助這個資料庫。這是香港中文大學中文系設立的,早在二零零一年就完成。我如今才知道,有點後知後覺。資料庫計劃從一九九九年開始,根據香港中小學生的作文和報刊文章,再查考各種粵語方言詞典,編製成這個資料庫,供學校和市民使用。參與的有多位教授和研究人員。資料庫的使用相當方便,可以直接輸入粵語詞或現代漢語詞作雙向檢索;要以粵語詞檢索,還可以利用拼音、部首、詞類索引。例如在詞類的「代詞」類,可以找到「一」、「乜野」、「人地」等等粵語詞。無論你說的是粵語還普通話,都可以借助它改善溝通、表達能力。不過,資料庫「敬請留意」:「……2001年完成,及後並沒有修訂和補充。」這給人一個「商業交易」的感覺,政府優質教育基金的資助用完了便「萬事大吉」,恕不「加場」。於是,粗疏難免。在曾子凡的《香港粵語慣用語研究》一書中看到一段有趣資料:粵語「八月十五」的語源。粵人在特定語境下聞說「八月十五」,自當別有領會,知道所指不是中秋,而是屁股。從「中秋」聯想到「月亮」,再聯想到「屁股」似乎是正常的思維路徑。據上書所引,有詞書說「屁股渾圓,似八月十五的月亮,故云」;有說「謔稱屁股蛋兒」;有說「八月十五是個圓滿的中秋節,就因為太圓滿,所以俗話將它代表屁股」。倒是《廣州方言詞典》解釋得對:「戲指屁股。八月十五吃碌柚,與『囉柚』音近,囉柚為(粵語)屁股俗稱。」粵人其實也單以一「囉」字指屁股。而在上述資料庫,輸入「屁股」,亦找到「屎2胐(忽)7」的粵語詞作對照。真有趣。「朏」字指的是「新月初現」,與「滿月」剛好相對,而都指屁股,粵人對於月亮的聯想不可思議耶而據也是中大的「粵語配音配詞字庫」,「朏」只讀「非」。所有語言都有一定的文化內涵,粵語源遠流長,自有豐富內容可以追尋。只是語源久遠而生活環境恆變,很多古僻用字和習語來源難免被遺忘。所幸是,近年廣東與香港不少學者和熱心於「撐粵語」的人都有所茪O,希望前人的智慧結晶得以籍此及時保存下來。用語還可以解釋一些民俗。舊時小孩生日會吃紅雞蛋,如今雞蛋不貴,紅雞蛋已罕見。為什麼要吃紅雞蛋據《廣州話方言詞典》,雞蛋有蛋黃,小孩吃了,希望有「有皇(黃)管」也。粵人素來山高皇帝遠,樂於「冇皇管」,但對於小孩,則希望有所管束。(香港大公文匯傳媒集團全媒體新聞中心供稿)責任編輯:慧

    芞峈嘉跡疻硊﹝試假齬俇馱侅繵陔隆等ㄛ坻衱疆覂桸網珨蠶赻毅ヶ懂粒晡腔諦芊/XINHUAUpgradedofferings,natureattractionshelpingcountriesimproveearningsToviewtheanimalshesawonTVasachild,ChenBovisitedAfricatwice-inDecemberlastyearandinMay."Istayedtherefor10daysduringeachofmyvisits,"saidChen,40."IwenttoseveralplacesinKenya,suchasMasaiMaraNationalReserve,MeruNationalParkandKenyaNationalPark."HewasamazedbythediversityofanimalsthereandAfricanseffortstoprotectthem."Idon,",amanageratatravelcompanyinNairobi,isbuoyantaboutAfrica,shesaid,Chinesetouristsdonotlimittheirpreferences."BesidesvisitingthefamousMasaiMaraNationalReservetoviewthewildebeestmigrationinJuly,stourismsector."KwambokasaidChinesevisitorsnowwanttoseerarewildlifespeciessuchastheGrevyszebra,Somaliostrich,reticulatedgiraffe,gerenuk,alsoknownasthegiraffegazelle,andoryx.",Chinesetouriststakeafour-hourjourneytovisitteafarmstoexperienceteafarminginKenya,",,000Chinesevisitorsin2018,,,theEastAfandcontributed$,,tothecountry,,Af,Egypt,Kenya,Morocco,Tunisia,SouthAfrica,MauritiusandZimbabwe,accordingtoDragonTrail,,KenyanCabinetsecretaryoftourismandwildlife,said:",emergingmarkets,suchasAsiaandEasternEurope,,"Besideslowcompetitiveness,thecontinentstourismsectorhasbeenaffectedbyinstability,"Sovereigns-Africa,CloserTradeandInvestmentTiesWithChina"byratingsagencyMoodyssaid10Africancountries-SouthAfrica,Mauritius,Morocco,Egypt,Kenya,Namibia,CapeVerde,Botswana,TunisiaandTanzani,thenumberofChinesevisitorsbuyingAfricatourpackageshasjumped,,anonlinetravelagencybasedinShanghai,ricancooperation,accordingtoRajneeshBhuee,sofferings,thankstotheForumonChina-AfricaCooperation."Thisisbesidesthehigh-levelvisitsbybothChinaspresidentandpremiertothecontinentintherecentpast....Notably,theseeventshavenotonlyputemphasisonpolitical,economicandtradetiesbutpeople-to-peoplerelationships,whichhaveadirectimpactontourism."TheChinaOutboundTourismResearchInstituteexpectsabout180millionChinesetotravelabroadthisyear,,,thetourismindustryispuseconomicgrowth."ItisimportantfortourismbusinessesinSouthAfricatorealizethebenefitsofbecomingChina-ready,"saidMansoorMohamed,theBeijing-basedheadoftheAsia-PacificregionforSouthAfricanTourism."WearedissectingvitalinformationonhowtoenterthelucrativeChineseoutboundtravelmarket."Earlythisyear,SouthAfricaannouncedthatithadsignedanagreementwithChinas,anincreasingnumberofChinesetouriststraveledtoMauritius,MoroccoandTunisiawithoutavisa,toAfrica."ureconomy,"saidBalala,,thetravelcompanymanagerinNairobi,saidthehospitalitysectorhasbeentryinglarsites,shesaidZhangJie,directorofCtripstheme-tourdepartment,saidthatin-depthandecology-relatedtourpackagesinAfricahavebeenincreasinglypopularamongChinesetravelersinthepastfewyears."IvevisitedatravelserviceproviderinAfricawhooffersfieldtrainingcoursesandtravelroutesclosetonature,suchaspickingleavesinforestsandappreciatingbirds,"shesaid."Thetravelersfollowedtheirguidesandsomeexpertsinnatureresearchtoprimitivehouseswherenomodernbathroomsareavailable,butthetravelerswerereallyhappytobeonewithnature."Zhangsaidabout200Chinesetouristshaveparticipatedinsuchprogramssofar."Tsaverygoodchoiceforthemtorelievepressure."DatafromLvmama,anonlinetravelagencybasedinShanghai,showedthatitsusersreservationsforto

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